Dental cleanings are necessary in order to maintain optimum health of teeth, gums and overall well being. Even with good home care, tarter (calculus) can build up on your teeth and can only be removed with dental instruments. If not removed tarter becomes a home for bacteria and can lead to gingivitis, periodontitis, bad breath and tooth decay.
Cleaning and polishing is used to help keep the surface of each tooth smooth and clean so that bacteria are unable to grow and nothing beats that just clean feeling.
What Happens During The Cleaning Process?
There are many different instruments that the dentist or hygienist will use to clean the teeth. Here are some of the different instruments that are used during this process.
In order to gently remove larger tarter deposits, an ultrasonic scaler is often used. The instrument uses vibration and a slight water spray to effectively and gently clean teeth.
Detailed Hand Tools
After the largest pieces of tartar have been removed from the teeth, there are still smaller deposits that need to be taken care of. For this reason, much more detailed hand tools will be used. These tools are designed in a way to match the curves of the teeth. To use them, the dentist or hygienist will gently scrape off any tartar deposits with a slight amount of pressure. This is to ensure that all areas of the teeth remain smooth and clean.
After all of the surfaces of the teeth have been cleaned, the dentist or hygienist may wish to polish the teeth. A polishing tool is typically utilized which has a slow speed and a rubber cup on the end that spins.